Highland Park is located in Kirkwall on the island of Orkney and is the northernmost distillery in Scotland, just a half mile beyond Scapa. It was founded in 1798 by Magnus Eunson, a priest who dabbled in illegal distillation. The authorities eventually caught on to him in 1813 but he escaped prosecution by agreeing to sell his distillery and land. The distillery was finally licensed in 1823.
The name Highland Park refers to the area called "High Park" in the town, distinguished from a lower area nearby. It uses peat from the Hobbister Moor which provides a floral and fragrant smoke since the peat is composed mainly of heather. Orkney's climate is influenced by the Atlantic gulf stream with milder temperatures but is also one of the windiest places in the UK.